Responding to Disasters: What Is Involved?
According to the International Disaster Database, natural disasters kill 60,000 people per year. Famine, drought, earthquakes, flooding, tsunamis, wildfires, mudslides, hurricanes, epidemics and pandemics like COVID-19 can push even the most resilient people into a crisis. But natural disasters don’t always hit the most resilient people.
When a natural disaster strikes, people in low- and middle-income countries feel the effects more greatly and often pay a higher price.
In the aftermath of a natural disaster, people need to be taken care of. They may need immediate treatment for physical injuries or help finding safe shelter and something to eat. They may also need more long-term care — physically, emotionally, economically or spiritually.
A quick, efficient and well-executed emergency response can effectively address immediate needs. But an effective emergency response doesn’t just deal with the immediate effects of the emergency itself. It also deals with the evaluation and containment of indirect effects like political and civil unrest, which can affect long-term disaster relief and recovery efforts.
What Is the Disaster Management Cycle?