Overview: Andean Region of Colombia
The Andean region’s temperature averages 57 degrees. The dry season is December through March, which is the warmest month of the year. The rainy months are April and May, and September through November. Days during the rainy months are typically overcast, and while temperatures remain relatively consistent year-round, weather conditions can change drastically, even during the course of one day.
The great Andes mountain range in Colombia has peaks that top 18,000 feet. Part of the “Ring of Fire,” the Andean region is subject to occasional volcanic eruptions and earthquakes. The region’s highest peaks, Pico Cristobal Colon and Pico Simon Bolívar, tower at 18,946 feet. The range crosses the country from north to south, and its highlands are home to Colombia’s three largest cities: Cali, Medellín and the capital city, Bogotá. With 7 million people, Bogotá is the world’s third-highest capital city in elevation, at 8,355 feet.
Cali is known as Colombia’s sports capital, site of the country’s National Games on three separate occasions, while Medellín is called the “City of Eternal Spring” for its year-round spring climate and abundant flowers.
During the 1970s and ’80s, Cali and Medellín were embroiled in wars between powerful drug cartels and were dangerous, violent cities. The government has since dismantled some of the cartels. While much of the violence has been reined in, these cities still can be dangerous, with murders and kidnappings as commonplace occurrences.