Codó

The Northeastern Codo region of Brazil, bordering the Atlantic Ocean, is one of the poorest regions in the country. The poverty-level conditions have led to an alarming rise in drug addiction and alcoholism across the region. As a result, many children in the region are victims of abuse or neglect.
Brazil

Northeastern Rural Region

  • Extreme poverty in northeast rural Brazil means resorting to searching through garbage for anything to use or sell. People searching through landfill
  • Children in the Compassion program have the opportunity to grow in every way: mind, body, heart and spirit. Group of children praying
  • Compassion centers ensure that sponsored children receive the educational support they need through tutoring and supplemental classes. Children coloring at a table
  • In drought-affected areas, water is scarce, and families don't have enough for basic hygiene and sanitation. Two kids sitting in a wheelbarrow
  • Sponsored children regularly write to their sponsors. And they are so encouraged when they receive letters back from their sponsors. Girl with photo of her sponsor
  • Compassion centers in northeast rural Brazil are welcoming, safe places where children are free to run, play and just be kids. Children playing soccer
  • Children in the program are blessed to receive balanced, nutritious meals on program activity days. Children in the program are blessed to receive balanced, nutritious meals on program activity days.
 
BRAZIL OVERVIEW

Population

10,631,486

Religion

Roman Catholic

Weather

 
A Glimpse of Poverty in Northeastern Rural Brazil

Codó is a city of 111,000 people in Brazil’s northeastern state of Maranhão, the poorest state in Brazil. The city is in a remote area of the state called the “coconut region.”

Group of boys with their toothbrushes
  • Alcohol abuse and unemployment are rampant in Codó.
  • Stable jobs are rare.
  • Nearly 75 percent of families exist on the equivalent of less than $1.50 per day.
  • Many children suffer from malnutrition.
  • It is common to see young children going naked, as their families simply cannot afford to clothe them.
  • Drug trafficking and violent crime are common.
  • Children are recruited into the drug trade at an early age and they typically consider drug traffickers as heroes.
COMMUNITY
Northeastern Rural community
Issues and Concerns
  • Codó has no public transportation system.
  • About 25 percent of the population has no access to electricity or garbage collection services.
  • Seventy percent of homes have no sanitation facilities, except for a hole in the ground behind the house, which serves as a family’s toilet.
  • Families in Codó are typically large.
  • Girls commonly have their first babies at age 13 or 14.
  • Because few mothers have access to adequate medical care, infant mortality is high.
  • A major health concern is the use of clay ovens, which fill homes with smoke that commonly results in chronic respiratory illness.
  • The city’s one public hospital cannot keep up with the population’s medical needs.
Local Needs and Challenges

Housing

Children live in poorly constructed houses, most of which are built with mud, with no locks on the doors.

Sanitation

Most houses in this region lack sanitation. The lack of sanitation is a particular health risk for the city’s children.

Child safety

Parents are stressed, unemployed and do not understand their roles as caregivers. Child neglect and abuse are widespread.

Mothers are often negligent about their children’s care, which in the worst cases results in physical abuse by other caregivers or neighbors.

EDUCATION
Schools and Education

Without public transportation, children in Codó often have to walk several miles to the nearest school.

  • The quality of education is extremely low and their operation is sporadic.
  • Teacher strikes are frequent.
  • More than 61 percent of the city’s people have attended school an average of only two years.
  • More than 47 percent of those age 15 and over are unable to read or write.
At the Compassion Child Development Center

Compassion centers in this region address the influence of drug trafficking and violence by showing children a different path from that offered by their communities considered to be the “normal way.”

Centers teach children and teenagers the evils of engaging in illicit activities and frequently conduct anti-drug campaigns. Children learn that drugs are not the solution to financial or emotional problems.

To combat child neglect and abuse, Compassion centers advocate for child protection and involve staff, parents and children. They raise awareness of how to prevent abuse and what to do when it happens, including which legal mechanisms families should use for help.

What Compassion Sponsorship Provides

In partnership with local churches Compassion is bringing help and hope to children in need in urban Codó, providing them with:

  • regular nutritious meals and snacks
  • health checkups and medical care as needed
  • the support needed to attend school
  • hygiene training
  • encouragement to have a vision for their future, to dream of career possibilities and to develop their skills