Overview: Northeastern Codó Region
Codó is a city of 111,000 people in Brazil’s northeastern state of Maranhão. The city is in a remote area of the state called the “coconut region.”
Codó was founded by the Portuguese as a supply outpost in 1780. The colors of the municipal flag represent the city’s major ethnic groups: Africans (black), Europeans (white), and indigenous (red).
Portuguese is the primary language spoken in Codó, and 90 percent of the people practice Catholicism. About 7 percent are evangelical Christians.
Three rivers cross the city of Codó: the Codozinho, Itapercuru and Saco. During the summer rainy season, these rivers often overflow, flooding streets and homes. The climate here is always hot, ranging from 80 degrees in the winter to 104 degrees in the summer.
In Codó, a Brazilian form of Voodoo called macumba is widely practiced. In fact, Codó is known as the “Brazilian Macumba Center.” A well-known, influential wizard of macumba lives here, and many people resist the gospel message shared by evangelical churches because they are afraid of him.