Honduras Facts

Compassion has been working in Honduras since 1974. Through our work there, we gather Honduras facts about children in poverty. These Honduras facts and statistics provide a good picture of the reality of poverty and how Compassion is making a difference.

Poverty is a common problem in the country of Honduras but Compassion is working to change this. The Honduras facts tell a discouraging story, but Compassion is bringing hope in the midst of this discouragement. Our programs are changing the statistics one child at a time.

Don't let the hopelessness of Honduras facts overwhelm you. You can make a difference to a child in Honduras today!

Honduras

Compassion's work in Honduras began in 1974. Currently, more than 46,300 children participate in more than 200 child development centers. Compassion partners with churches to help them provide Honduran children with the opportunity to rise above their circumstances and become all God has created them to be.

Prayer Requests
  • Prayer Requests for Honduras

    Apr 18, 2011

    May 03, 2011

    Please pray for safety and protection for the children. There are several areas of the country that are unsafe and there is very little protection and security offered in these areas.

Featured Stories from Honduras
  • Oasis of Love

    Jan 07, 2010

    Olvin, a boy abandoned by his father, became a voice for children in his community when he registered with a Compassion center and was invited by his pastor to help out on a radio station.

Featured on the Blog
 
Honduras Map

honduras-400x450.jpg

Learn About Honduras
History

Mayan civilization flourished in Honduras in the centuries before Columbus arrived in 1502. Following independence from Spain in 1821 and from Mexico in 1822, Honduras joined the United Provinces of Central America. In 1839, the country declared its independence. Dictatorships and frequent revolution characterized the country through the rest of the 19th century and into the 20th.

During a stable period from 1955 to 1957, important social progress was made. Most notable were the passage of labor laws and the growth of labor unions. Ramón Villeda Morales, elected in 1957, also initiated programs for agriculture reform and education. He was followed by Colonel Osvaldo López Arellano in a 1963 coup. López held the reigns of government until he was ousted by the army in 1975 under the charge that government officials had accepted $250,000 in bribes.

Through the late 1970s and 1980s, the central problem for Honduras was political instability in neighboring countries. In 1993, Carlos Roberto Reina Idiaquez, a longtime human rights and political activist, was elected president with the promise to institute economic reforms and exert civilian control over the powerful Honduran army.

At the turn of the century, one of Honduras' major social problems was the involvement of youth in violent gangs. Under President Maduro's administration in 2003, a law against illicit associations, such as gangs, was approved and many have been put in jail since then. However, the country still faces challenges as atrocious acts are still committed by gangs. Honduras' last election was  in November 2005 with Manuel Zelaya elected president.

Education

The typical school year runs from February through November. Education is compulsory from ages seven through 12. Only 58 percent of primary-school-age students reach the fifth grade. According to Honduras' National Statistics Institute (INE), on average, Hondurans complete 5.4 years of schooling. Undergraduate education is only reached by 5.3 percent of the population and graduate studies by 0.2 percent. There is one government-run and several private-run universities in Honduras, along with various trade schools.

In urban areas of the country, Hondurans are more aware than their rural neighbors of the importance of education. Although many parents desire education for their children, it is often more important for children to help provide for their families, especially in the country; and because of this, the dropout rate is higher. In addition, the education provided by the government is poor in most cases, from inadequate facilities to teachers constantly going on strike and delaying the school year. There is a sense of helplessness among parents who desire good education for their children but can only afford a public education.

Religion

There is no state religion in Honduras. However, the armed forces have an official Roman Catholic patron saint. The government consults with the Roman Catholic Church and occasionally appoints Catholic leaders to quasi-official commissions on key issues of mutual concern, such as anticorruption initiatives.

The government does not require religious groups to register but requires churches and organizations to register. Foreign missionaries must obtain entry and residence permits and a local institution or individual must sponsor a missionary's application for residency, which is submitted to the Ministry of Government and Justice. The ministry generally grants such permits.

There are both religious schools that provide professional training, such as seminaries, and church-operated schools that provide general education, such as parochial schools. They receive no special treatment from the government and do not face any restrictions.

Source: International Religious Freedom Report, released by the Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights and Labor, November 8, 2005, http://www.state.gov/g/drl/rls/irf/2005/51644.htm.

Culture

Honduran culture is laid back; this attitude is more pronounced among the people living in coastal areas. The majority of Hondurans are passionate about soccer and politics. In general, Hondurans, like those in other Latin American countries, are close to extended family and many families live either in the same house or close to each other. There is a friendly and welcoming attitude toward international visitors.

Many writers, such as José Trinidad Reyes and José Cecilio del Valle, have emerged in Honduras; however, many people cannot afford books, so the market for authors is limited. Many authors publish their work in newspapers to gain access to the public.

Art

López Rodezno is a Honduran painter who founded the National School of Arts and Crafts in Comayagüela, which maintains a permanent contemporary art exhibit featuring many murals by various artists. A traditional Amerindian theme, the "rain of fish" (a "tornado" that travels over the ocean, sucks up fish and then drops them over villages), frequently occurs in Honduran art.

Brightly colored handicrafts, such as model animals of clay or wood and jewelry, are everywhere in Honduras.

Music

Honduran music has a folk style with a Spanish beat and uses guitars and marimbas. Honduran folk music is played during traditional Honduran celebrations. However, in general, Hondurans prefer music from Mexico or the United States, in different rhythms.

Holidays and Festivals

The Feast Day of the Virgin of Suyapa, Feb. 3: Celebration in honor of the patron saint of Honduras
Easter, March or April: a two-week celebration with festivals and parades. All schools and most businesses shut down from Palm Sunday to Easter Sunday. Traditionally, the majority of the population travels to the beaches during this time.
Carnaval at La Ceiba, held during the third week of May
Independence Day, Sept. 15
Columbus Day, Oct. 12
Christmas, Dec. 25; Hondurans celebrate with their families on Christmas Eve and rest on Christmas Day. Hondurans set up a nativity scene where they cover the baby Jesus with a blanket. On Christmas Eve, the blanket is removed to unveil the baby.

Sports and Games

Soccer is the main sport in Honduras. Baseball, volleyball and basketball are also popular. Children play a game similar to "jacks" using stones.

Typical Foods

Rice, beans, tamales and corn are included in the basic diet, along with a soup of beef or chicken stock. Black coffee and soft drinks are popular.

Sautéed Plantains

  • 2 ripe plantains
  • 1 jalapeno chili, seeded and sliced in thin rings
  • 2 Tb. butter, more if needed
  • 1/2 cup sour cream, room temperature

Peel plantains and cut into quarters. Cut each quarter in half lengthwise. Sauté plantains and chilies in butter over medium heat, turning frequently. Remove when browned. Drizzle sour cream over plantains. Serves four.

Greetings
  • ¿Qué ondas? (What's up?)
  • ¡Nos vemos! (See you!)
  • ¡Todo cheque! (Roughly translated, "It's all cool," when asked how things are going.)
  • Bendiciones. (Literally means "Blessings," but is used as "God bless you"; a common greeting within the Christian circle used to either say "hi" or "goodbye.")
Compassion in Honduras

Compassion's work in Honduras began in 1974. Currently, more than 46,300 children participate in more than 200 child development centers. Compassion partners with churches to help them provide Honduran children with the opportunity to rise above their circumstances and become all God has created them to be.

Honduras Facts & Figures

Visit the Compassion blog to learn more about our work in Honduras.

Honduras United States
Capital Tegucigalpa Washington, D.C.
Population

7,639,327 (July 2008 estimate)

Note: Estimates for this country take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality and death rates, lower population and growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected.
307,212,123 (July 2010 estimate)
Languages Spanish, Amerindian dialects English 82.1%, Spanish 10.7%, other Indo-European 3.8%, Asian and Pacific island 2.7%, other 0.7% (2000 census)
Religions Christian 100% (Roman Catholic 97%, Protestant 3%) Christian 78.5% (Protestant 51.3%, Roman Catholic 23.9%, Mormon 1.7%, other Christian 1.6%), Jewish 1.7%, Buddhist 0.7%, Muslim 0.6%, other or unspecified 2.5%, unaffiliated 12.1%, none 4% (2007 est.)
Literacy rate
Definition: Age 15 and over can read and write.
Male: 79.8%
Female: 80.2%
(2001 Estimate)
Male: 99%
Female: 99%
(2003 estimate)
Percentage of population using improved drinking water sources Urban: 95%
Rural: 81%
(2004 estimate)
Urban: 100%
Rural: 94%
(2006 estimate)
Percentage of population using adequate sanitation facilities Urban: 87%
Rural: 54%
(2004 estimate)
Urban: 100%
Rural: 99%
(2006 estimate)
Climate Subtropical in lowlands, temperate in mountains Mostly temperate, but tropical in Hawaii and Florida, arctic in Alaska, semiarid in the Great Plains west of the Mississippi River and arid in the Great Basin of the southwest; low winter temperatures in the northwest are warmed occasionally in January and February by chinook winds from the eastern slopes of the Rocky Mountains.
Percentage of population urbanized 47% (2006 estimate) 82% (2008 estimate)
Life expectancy Male: 67.81 years
Female: 71.01 years
(2008 estimate)
Male: 75.65 years
Female: 80.69 years
(2010 estimate)
Under-5 mortality rate 27/1,000 (2006 estimate) 8/1,000 (2008 estimate)
GDP per capita $4,300 (2007 estimate) $46,000 (2009 estimate)
Monetary unit lempira (HNL) U.S. dollar (USD)
Number of people living with HIV/AIDS 63,000 (2003 estimate) 1.2 million (2007 estimate)
Percentage of population living below $1.25 a day 15% (1995-2005 study) Data not available

Sources for facts: The World Factbook, 2008; The State of the World's Children, 2008