Uganda Map

Uganda Map

Uganda map shows this landlocked country in the eastern part of Africa. The Uganda map shows that the country is bordered by Kenya, South Sudan, and the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Rwanda, and Tanzania. The southern part of Uganda includes Lake Victoria, which Uganda shares with Kenya and Tanzania.

Uganda Eastern Region

The Location


The Population


The Religion

Roman Catholic, Protestant

The Weather

  • Makeshift vending stalls line the road in this eastern Uganda community, where a few essential items like charcoal are sold. Uganda Dirt Road
  • Children enjoy coming to their Compassion centers, where they have the opportunity to learn, play and grow. Uganda Children on the Playground
  • The job of collecting water for a household’s daily needs usually falls to children and women. Sometimes the nearest water source is miles away. Uganda People Carrying Water Containers
  • These Ugandan children enjoy their meal outdoors at their Compassion-assisted child development center. Uganda Children Laying in Grass Eating
  • Compassion sponsorship gives children a way to experience God's love and care. Uganda Child Praying
  • More than 17 million children in Uganda are younger than 15. Most of them live in poverty. Uganda Two Young Girls

Overview: Eastern Uganda

Uganda, known as the “Pearl of Africa” for its remarkable beauty, is rich with natural resources. The country’s fertile volcanic soil and numerous water sources make it well suited to agriculture, which employs more than 80 percent of Ugandans. In the eastern region, coffee is a primary crop and the country’s main export, as well. However, subsistence farmers see little income from these exports.

Uganda is also home to a very unique site. Tourists can visit the location (and monument) where the equator divides the Northern and Southern hemispheres.

The country’s climate is tropical — warm and humid. There are two dry seasons, December to February and June to August. The country, which is about the size as Oregon, is mostly a high plateau with a rim of mountains.

The highlands of eastern Uganda are home to several prominent mountain ranges and peaks. The tallest peak in the region is Mount Elgon, an extinct volcano rising more than 14,000 feet above sea level. Rich volcanic soil eroding from Mount Elgon and other peaks make this land especially fertile.

The 8.3 million people living in this region represent a wide variety of ethnicities. The primary group is the Iteso, who originally migrated from Ethiopia into western Kenya and eastern Uganda. Today, the Iteso are the fifth largest people group in Uganda, numbering 3.2 million.


Culture Corner

Uganda Culture


Make this easy, traditional Ugandan chicken stew.


  • 2- to 3-pound chicken, cut into pieces
  • 1 tsp. salt
  • ½ tsp. ground black pepper
  • ½ c. butter
  • ½ c. onions, chopped
  • 1 pint chicken stock
  • ¾ c. pure peanut butter
  • 1 to 2 egg yolks
  • Several sprigs of parsley, coarsely chopped


Rub the chicken pieces with salt and pepper.

Melt butter in a large heavy skillet or stew pot, and add the chicken and onions. Cover and simmer over lowest heat, periodically adding stock until you have used it all.

After 15 minutes, remove ½ cup of the cooking liquid for thinning the peanut butter.

Add to the pot, and bring to a boil. Reduce heat, then whisk some of the hot stew liquid into the egg yolks. Stir the pot to incorporate the egg mixture into the stew.

Simmer gently until chicken is done. Garnish with parsley and serve with rice.


Life in Eastern Uganda

Uganda’s eastern region is home to more than 8 million people, most of whom make a meager living through small-scale farming. The rich, soil in this region is perfect for cultivation. However, without irrigation systems, successful harvests are dependent on the weather, which is highly unpredictable. Too much rain is as destructive to crops as drought, and many families in this region don’t have enough to eat on a regular basis. It is common for families to have only one meal per day.

There are a wide variety of ethnicities in the eastern region, but the most prominent are the Bantu and the Nilo Hamite, each of whom have their own language. A variety of religions are practiced in the east, from Catholicism to Pentecostalism to Islam.

Children at Home

Homes in rural eastern Uganda are small mud huts with dirt floors and straw roofs. Extended families usually live together in a cluster of huts. One kitchen hut serves all the family members, and sometimes older huts are used as stables for cattle. Millet, a cereal grain, is a staple food. Women spend a lot of time and effort removing the chaff from the millet grains then grinding those by hand into flour.


Community Issues and Concerns Community in Uganda

A majority of the population make their living through small-scale farming. Although the soil is ideal for farming, the region suffers from drought and flooding, which frequently lead to crop failure and famine.

In March 2010, landslides in Bududa, a district near the Mount Elgon mountain range, buried entire mountainside villages. More than 200 lives were lost, thousands were left homeless, and crops were destroyed. Because of the threat of future landslides, the Ugandan government has declared that area uninhabitable and is in the process of relocating families to other areas.

People in the eastern region have also been terrorized by the Lord’s Resistance Army, a rebel group fighting the government since 1987. The group, known for its brutality, killed many families and kidnapped children when it moved into eastern Uganda between 2000 and 2002.

Sadly, the eastern region ranks as Uganda’s highest producer and consumer of alcohol. Unemployment is also a huge concern. Less than 30 percent of adults have steady work.

Local Needs and Challenges

Many people in this area depend on subsistence farming to survive, and unpredictable weather patterns can devastate household incomes. In addition to chronic malnutrition, which can permanently affect physical and mental health, children in Uganda’s eastern region also suffer from traditional practices, such as female genital mutilation, that are harmful to their well-being. These practices lead to high rates of teenage pregnancy, child marriage, and sexually transmitted diseases. And because access to health centers and qualified medical personnel is limited in this poor region, children too often die of preventable illnesses.


Schools and Education Education in Uganda

The school year in Uganda has three terms: February through April, the end of May through mid-August, and early September to late November. Students typically attend school about 250 days each year. Among Uganda’s population, only 66 percent of those over age 15 are able to read or write. Among women, fewer than 58 percent are literate.

At the Compassion Child Development Center

Compassion serves children in Uganda’s eastern region through church-based child development centers. Here, children have the opportunity to develop their talents and abilities. Their healthy physical development is assured through nutritious meals, hygiene training, and regular medical checkups. They also learn about their heavenly Father and are introduced to salvation in Jesus Christ.


Working Through the Local Church

Compassion’s mission to release children from poverty is carried out by local churches. Our church partners are in the heart of the communities we want to reach. They understand the challenges local children face, and they reach out to them regardless of gender, ethnicity or religious belief.

Recently in Uganda, when a Compassion-assisted child’s family was presented a gift from his sponsor, his Muslim caregiver said, “If this is what it means to be Christian, then let me accept Jesus Christ.” He was overwhelmed not only by the sponsor’s generosity but also by the fact that in a country where corruption is commonplace, the church presented him the entire amount that was sent. Through the program, children are known, loved and protected by their sponsors and caring staff members.

How Compassion Works in Uganda Compassion in Uganda

Compassion’s work in Uganda began in 1980. Currently, more than 77,000 children participate in 300 child development centers.

Compassion partners with local churches, helping them provide Ugandan children with a long-term program of physical, educational, social and spiritual development. Through this partnership between Compassion and local churches, children in need have the opportunity to rise above their circumstances and fulfill their potential in Christ.

The Role of a Partnership Facilitator

Partnership Facilitators are an important link between Compassion and the individual church partners that implement our program. In Uganda, each Partnership Facilitator, or PF, oversees 12 local churches that operate Compassion-assisted child development centers.

PFs play a critical role in empowering local church partners to be the best they can be at meeting the needs of their communities’ children. Ugandans themselves, PFs understand the local reality of the churches they serve and are best able to represent the churches’ needs and challenges to the national Compassion office.

Uganda’s PFs demonstrate a selfless commitment to their demanding jobs. They have a passion for children and never pass up an opportunity to speak out on their behalf.


Prayer Requests

  • Pray for predictable weather and abundant harvests for the region’s families who depend on subsistence farming.
  • Pray for the protection of children and families from flooding, landslides and drought.
  • Pray for the successful relocation of families from disaster-prone areas.
  • Pray that people will overcome alcohol abuse and find meaningful employment.
  • Pray for Compassion center staff members, who diligently strive to meet the needs of the children in their care.