Indian Culture

Indian Culture

Indian culture is hard to define. Thousands of small tribal and ethnic groups make up the Indian culture. In the tribal Indian culture livestock is a main income generator.

India

Tribal Regions

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  • These teen girls are being trained in tailoring skills to help them become financially self-sufficient. These teen girls are being trained in tailoring skills to help them become financially self-sufficient.
  • Frequently women and girls must walk long distances to the nearest water source and haul back heavy, water-filled containers. Frequently women and girls must walk long distances to the nearest water source and haul back heavy, water-filled containers.
  • Children in the Compassion program have the opportunity to grow in every way: mind, body, heart and spirit. Children in the Compassion program have the opportunity to grow in every way: mind, body, heart and spirit.
  • Homes are typically small, simple structures made of mud, thatch and other available materials. Homes are typically small, simple structures made of mud, thatch and other available materials.
  • Each group within India’s tribal people has its own language, style of dress, customs and distinctive food. Each group within India’s tribal people has its own language, style of dress, customs and distinctive food.
  • Sponsored children regularly write to their sponsors. And they are so encouraged when they receive letters back from their sponsors. Sponsored children regularly write to their sponsors. And they are so encouraged when they  receive letters back from their sponsors.
  • Access to sources of clean water is a challenge in tribal regions. Access to sources of clean water is a challenge in tribal regions.
 
INDIA OVERVIEW

Population

1,236,344,631

Religion

Hindu

Weather

 
A Glimpse of Poverty in India's Tribal Regions India Overview
  • The Indian population includes thousands of small tribal and ethnic groups, living primarily in remote villages. In these tribal regions, the only source of income is small-scale agriculture or livestock raising.
  • Often, poor tribal families move to cities for employment. However, they typically find few job opportunities and end up living in slums in the worst of conditions.
  • The children of tribal families are often left on their own, under the care of the oldest sibling while parents work.
  • Malnutrition is rampant among these children.
  • Tribal regions have few opportunities for higher education, and because transportation is scarce, children often have to walk long distances to reach school.
  • Without proper parental care, tribal children are especially vulnerable to abuse. Many join local gangs at a young age for a sense of belonging, and substance abuse among children and teens is common.
LIFE
In India's Tribal Regions

Geography & Climate

  • One-third the area of the United States, India occupies most of the Indian subcontinent in southern Asia.
  • India borders on China in the northeast. Other neighbors are Pakistan on the west, Nepal and Bhutan on the north, and Burma and Bangladesh on the east.
  • Climate in the country ranges from tropical monsoon in the south to temperate in the north.
  • Terrain includes upland plains in the south; flat to rolling plains along the Ganges; deserts in the west; Himalayas in the north.

Economy

Over the last several years, India has experienced impressive economic growth. However, millions of Indians still live under the weight of crushing poverty.

Traditionally, tribal families raised livestock to earn a meager income. Today, however, more are becoming involved in more diverse small-scale farming and other income-generating activities.

Nationwide, the unemployment rate is 8.8 percent.

The average annual household income is U.S.$6,671.

The child labor (ages 5-14) rate stands at 12 percent.

The population living below the poverty line is 29.8 percent.

India’s huge and growing population is overstraining natural resources.

Throughout the country, 33 percent of the population lives on U.S.$1.25 per day or less.

Children at Home

India’s traditional tribal homes, called munds, are small, simple mud structures with dirt floors and thatched roofs. They typically have no windows and contain only a few furnishings.

Children at home

In one corner of the house, or in an exterior court, is an earthen hearth where the women cook meals over a wood fire.

Most homes lack electricity, running water and toilet facilities.

COMMUNITY
India Community
Issues and Concerns
  • Members of India’s tribal groups are among the country’s poorest people.
  • Living in small, isolated hamlets, their children often suffer from malnutrition and a lack of access to such basics as health care and education.
  • Witchcraft and alcohol abuse are common issues.
  • Illiteracy is another pressing problem.
Local Needs and Challenges

Health care

Children in India’s tribal regions often suffer from malnutrition and inadequate access to medical care.

Education

The shortage of educational opportunities works against children’s ability to escape poverty. Few complete elementary school, and rarely do secondary schools exist in their communities.

EDUCATION
India education
Schools and Education
  • Tribal children typically start primary school, but abandon their education after the first three or four years.
  • Many tribal areas have no secondary schools, and few children have the means or desire to leave home to continue their education.
  • Tribal youths rarely attend India’s colleges and universities.
At the Compassion Child Development Center

In India’s tribal regions, Compassion partners with local worship centers to meet the needs of children who are truly the poorest of the poor.

At their partner-based Compassion centers, children enjoy regular, nutritious meals. They are also provided the means to attend school.

Regular medical checkups and assistance in the case of illness are also provided.

Awareness training programs conducted at their centers help protect them from abuse.

Center staff are caring and mature adults who spend quality time with the children, encouraging them spiritually and providing the love and guidance they might be lacking at home.

To help improve children’s home conditions, centers provide mothers with training in such skills as handicraft-making and tailoring so they can generate income from home.

Programs focusing on overcoming addiction, a widespread problem among fathers, also help strengthen the family.

What Compassion Sponsorship Provides

In partnership with local worship centers, Compassion is bringing help and hope to children in need in India’s tribal regions, providing them with:

  • regular nutritious meals and snacks
  • health checkups and medical care as needed
  • the support needed to attend school
  • health and hygiene training
  • access to special services like surgeries and disaster relief
  • mentoring to help children discover their incredible value as God's children