Education in India

Education in India

Education in India is different from education in the United States. Children who attend school go in one of two shifts, either in the morning or the afternoon. However, there is a lack of good teachers in the public schools, and there can be between 45 and 60 students per class. That means children who get their education in India often do not receive the individual attention they need to excel academically.

India

Urban Plains Regions

  • Urban slum homes are typically fragile, makeshift shelters made from whatever scrap materials can be found. Urban slum homes are typically fragile, makeshift shelters made from whatever scrap materials can be found.
  • Children in the Compassion program have the opportunity to grow in every way: mind, body, heart and spirit. Children in the Compassion program have the opportunity to grow in every way: mind, body, heart and spirit.
  • Because parents can't afford to buy them, Compassion helps provide the school uniforms required so children can attend school. Because parents can't afford to buy them, Compassion helps provide the school uniforms required so children can attend school.
  • In the dangerous environment of the urban slums, children face many potential hazards to their health and well-being. In the dangerous environment of the urban slums, children face many potential hazards to their health and well-being.
  • Sponsored children regularly write to their sponsors. And they are so encouraged when they receive letters back from their sponsors. Sponsored children regularly write to their sponsors. And they are so encouraged when they  receive letters back from their sponsors.
  • At their Compassion center, these children find a safe and welcoming haven in the midst of the urban slum. At their Compassion center, these children find a safe and welcoming haven in the midst of the urban slum.
  • Most poor parents, lacking an education or any vocational skills, work in menial jobs. Most poor parents, lacking an education or any vocational skills, work in menial jobs.
 
INDIA OVERVIEW

Population

1,236,344,631

Religion

Hindu

Weather

 
A Glimpse of Poverty in Eastern India's Urban Plains Region India Overview
  • Children growing up in the urban centers of eastern India’s plains region face many poverty-related challenges.
  • Typically, parents are uneducated and unskilled, which makes it difficult for them to find steady, good-paying jobs.
  • To supplement the family’s income, children also work, sometimes in dangerous jobs.
  • Girls are expected to do the household chores and care for younger siblings. As soon as they enter their teen years – and sometimes before – girls are married off to help reduce the family’s economic burden.
  • Most parents do not understand the importance of education, because they did not attend school themselves. Without an education, children are destined to grow up and repeat the generational cycle of poverty.
  • Because of their low income, parents can’t provide regular, nutritious meals for their children.
  • There are days when the entire family has to go without food, and children are commonly malnourished.
LIFE
In Eastern India's Urban Plains Region

Geography & Climate

  • One-third the area of the United States, India occupies most of the Indian subcontinent in southern Asia.
  • India borders China in the northeast. Other neighbors are Pakistan on the west, Nepal and Bhutan on the north, and Burma and Bangladesh on the east.
  • Climate in the country ranges from tropical monsoon in the south to temperate in the north.
  • Terrain includes upland plains in the south; flat to rolling plains along the Ganges; deserts in the west; Himalayas in the north.

Economy

Over the last several years, India has experienced impressive economic growth. However, millions of Indians still exist under the weight of crushing poverty.

In the eastern urban plains region, rapidly growing cities attract people from the countryside with the promise of jobs and a better way of life.

However, typically unskilled and uneducated, poor migrants settle in sprawling slums and work at low-paying jobs such as pulling rickshaws or serving as housemaids.

Nationwide, the unemployment rate is 8.8 percent.

The average annual household income is U.S.$6,671.

The child labor (ages 5-14) rate stands at 12 percent.

The population living below the poverty line is 29.8 percent.

India’s huge and growing population is overstraining natural resources.

Throughout the country, 33 percent of the population lives on $1.25 per day or less.

Children at Home

The shantytowns in the plains cities consist of makeshift dwellings made from scrap materials, including bamboo, mud, cardboard, plastic sheets —whatever can be found.

Children at home

These small, fragile one-room dwellings are home to families averaging six to 10 people. Typically, several families share one toilet.

People in shanties along the sidewalks or under overpasses use the gutters as toilets, causing a terrible health hazard, particularly for children.

COMMUNITY
India Community
Issues and Concerns

Most of the working poor in urban centers are unskilled laborers — rickshaw pullers, construction workers, housemaids and street vendors.

These jobs pay the equivalent of only $1 to $4 per day.

Often the poor who have moved from rural areas to find work in the cities find themselves living in shanties on the sidewalks, beneath overpasses, in dumpsites or along railroad tracks.

The unsanitary living conditions in these shantytowns put children’s health at great risk, causing such preventable diseases as hepatitis and malaria.

Local Needs and Challenges

Child labor

Because of deep poverty children in urban centers of the plains region often work, sometimes at extremely hazardous jobs, to help improve their families’ economic situation.

Clean water & sanitation

Urban children also commonly deal with chronic malnutrition and diseases caused by lack of clean water and adequate sanitation. But when children get sick, parents cannot afford to seek medical help.

Discrimination

Because of India’s rigid caste system, sometimes the impoverished, low-caste children suffer from discrimination.

EDUCATION
India education
Schools and Education
  • Educational levels in this region’s urban centers vary, depending on financial status.
  • Adults in poverty are often illiterate and prefer to have their children working rather than going to school.
  • Children who attend school go in one of two shifts, either in the morning or the afternoon.
  • Good teachers are lacking in public schools, and there may be 45 and 60 students per class. That means children often do not receive the individual attention they need to excel.
At the Compassion Child Development Center

Compassion’s partner-based centers in eastern India’s cities enable children to overcome the limitations of poverty.

To foster physical development, children are provided regular, well-balanced meals, as well as medical checkups.

The centers also enable children to attend school by providing for the school needs that their parents cannot afford, such as tuition, uniforms and supplies.

Children’s education is reinforced by extra tutoring. Compassion centers use creative, innovative methods to inspire children, and they passionately work for children’s holistic development with a team of committed staff.

For parents, awareness programs are conducted to help them understand the importance of education and the dangers of child labor.

Skills training is organized by the centers to assist families with alternative sources of income.

Both children and parents are taught about child protection and different forms of abuse that children are exposed to.

What Compassion Sponsorship Provides

In partnership with local worship centers, Compassion is bringing help and hope to children in need in eastern India’s urban plains region, providing them with:

  • regular nutritious meals and snacks
  • health checkups and medical care as needed
  • the support needed to attend school
  • health and hygiene training
  • access to special services like surgeries and disaster relief
  • mentoring to help children discover their incredible value as God’s children