In Rural Ghana
Geography & Climate
The central region of rural Ghana where Compassion ministers includes the coast, which consists of sandy beaches and marsh in some places, and the hinterland, where the land rises several hundred feet above sea level.
The climate in Ghana is tropical, with two rainy seasons, April to July and September to October. During the dry season (December to February), dusty winds from the Sahara blow. Called harmattan winds, they are often strong and damaging.
Most people in this region are farmers.
The unemployment rate is about 8 percent.
Three of every 10 people in Ghana live on less than $1.25 a day.
Children at Home
Children who live along the coast mostly live in makeshift or temporary homes built from wooden planks, with metal sheet or asbestos roofing.
Most families have a garden, and some even have wells. But very few have running water.
About half of the houses in the region have single rooms. Those rooms serve as both bedroom and living room for the whole family.
Issues and Concerns
- Like many rural areas, communities here are in need of better schools, more job opportunities, higher wages, and better access to health care.
- Most rural communities lack the belief that they can break free from the struggle of subsistence living.
- A lack of hope seems to be at the root of many of these extreme poverty issues.
Local Needs and Challenges
Access to medical care
Many villages are isolated, and the nearest medical center can be as much as three hours away.
Schools are also scarce. The few schools that do exist in rural areas are poorly equipped and overcrowded.
Lack of safe water and adequate sanitation
Very few homes in rural Ghana have adequate sanitation facilities. As a result, children often suffer from illnesses caused by unclean water and poor hygiene.
Schools and Education
- Although primary and junior secondary school education is tuition-free and mandatory, rural Ghana society is largely undereducated.
- Many children have to walk several miles to get to their schools, and most classrooms lack basic supplies and materials.
- Access to each successive level of education remains severely limited by lack of facilities.
- Only about 30 percent of junior secondary school graduates are able to gain admission to senior secondary schools, and only about 35 percent of senior secondary school graduates go on to attend a university.
- Some children must drop out to work and supplement the family income.
Compassion Ghana works to ensure that every registered child is able to attend school, and it provides additional support, including tutoring, at the child development centers.
At the Compassion Child Development Center
Child development centers in rural communities provide registered children with a place to learn, grow and study.
Sponsorship allows staff to provide Bible teaching, medical exams, health and hygiene instruction, educational tours and classes, social events, tutoring, and life-skills and vocational training.
Centers also offer opportunities for involvement for the parents or guardians of sponsored children. These children also spend time writing to and praying for their sponsors.
What Compassion Sponsorship Provides
In partnership with local churches, Compassion is bringing help and hope to rural Ghana’s children in need, providing:
- regular nutritious meals and snacks
- health checkups and medical care as needed
- the support needed to attend school
- caregiver education that helps them make informed decisions, love their children, provide for them, support them and be there for them
- income-generating activities for parents so they can better provide for their families
- Complementary Intervention projects that improve living conditions for children and their families. For instance, in rural regions that lack clean water, water filters are distributed to children or mechanized boreholes for permanent, clean-water wells are dug.
- support for local church partners to address issues affecting children spiritually, socio-emotionally, mentally and physically
- country-appropriate curriculum that helps restore children holistically